**Large Spans and Management of Air - Maker’s Space**

Course Mentors: Dipti Bhaindarkar, Milind Mahale, Suhas Chande, Gauri Joshi, Shrikar Bhave, Arun Kale

In the Technology Module (Semester 5), the studio will develop an understanding of spanning larger volumes with inquiries into material properties and geometry articulation through an iterative process of form generation. The provocation for this studio tends towards how geometry is deduced from material properties which begin to articulate the form, structure, system and construction for a long span structure.

The material palette and geometric articulations stem from the local building practices, local craft and character, climatic and geographical conditions. Different regions have different cultures and practices which are connected to their regional and environmental ecosystems. Thus, in this studio one begins the inquiry of large span construction through the lens of building culture, materiality, geometry and hence construction. The geometry provides us with a conceptual structure for construction and articulation of systems.

Each material has its potentials and limitations within which their structural performance is optimized. Thus each material will inform a specific geometry or specificity of form. Materials with all their properties can guide and inform the geometry and possible structural experimentations. Geometric articulation will thus when derived through material properties will span from freeform surface development, smooth geometric surfaces, to discrete geometric forms with a finite number of repetitive elements.

The material palette and geometric articulations stem from the local building practices, local craft and character, climatic and geographical conditions. Different regions have different cultures and practices which are connected to their regional and environmental ecosystems. Thus, in this studio one begins the inquiry of large span construction through the lens of building culture, materiality, geometry and hence construction. The geometry provides us with a conceptual structure for construction and articulation of systems.

Each material has its potentials and limitations within which their structural performance is optimized. Thus each material will inform a specific geometry or specificity of form. Materials with all their properties can guide and inform the geometry and possible structural experimentations. Geometric articulation will thus when derived through material properties will span from freeform surface development, smooth geometric surfaces, to discrete geometric forms with a finite number of repetitive elements.

Architectural geometry further will move towards articulation of aesthetics, programme, function, technical and environmental aspects. The envelope will be further evaluated through building performance analysis through structural analysis, building physics - airflow, daylighting, thermal comfort, acoustic, fire and seismic engineering. This course will trace the trajectory of the tectonic idea in the evolution of larger spans through precedent examples and test the limits of material to span over larger volumes. It is important to note that construction, structure and tectonics need to be dealt with together to develop new possibilities of geometry and form articulations.

This semester we begin to understand the complexities of the system and construction of large span structures through architectural detailing, digital validation, engineering, and various processes of construction documentation.

This semester we begin to understand the complexities of the system and construction of large span structures through architectural detailing, digital validation, engineering, and various processes of construction documentation.

**This year the studio will focus on crating a Maker’s Space.**

Maker’s space shall have the following requirements.

Two large halls, 200 sq. metres office space and a connecting pavilion lobby space.

Hall 1 : This is a large span structure with a clear span of 30 metres. The total area of this hall has to be 1500 sq. mts. approximately. The minimum clear height of this space should be 7 metres. About 700 Sq. Mts. floor needs to inhabit split levels with workable height. This space is meant to be a working space for individuals with working desks and workshop power tools. The entire space shall be designed through a roofing and skin system that brings adequate natural light through the day without transmitting heat.

Hall 2 : This is a hall to be dependent on artificial lighting. This space is air-conditioned and therefore reduction of demand is a central concern. The total area of this space shall be 1200 sq.mts. with a minimum clear span of 20 metres and a clear height of 5 mts. This hall is meant to be a display of large objects prepared in maker’s space hall 1 that require substantial height.

The two halls shall be connected through a pre-function space that is approximately 1200 sq.mts. This space needs to be accessible by service vehicles. This space shall be shaded. The pre-function is an outdoor space.

Office Area: The office area would include a Conference Room, Reception, Manager’s Room and Space for Administrative Staff.